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Blood cancer types

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There are many types of blood cancer. Each have different symptoms, treatments and prognoses.

Blood cancer types explained

Leukaemia

Leukaemia is a type of blood cancer that affects blood cells in your bone marrow – usually white blood cells.

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL)

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a fast-developing type of blood cancer that affects cells called lymphoid blasts or lymphoblasts.

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML)

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is a fast-growing type of blood cancer that affects myeloid blood cells.

Acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL)

Acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) is a type of blood cancer that affects cells called promyelocytes, which are white blood cells at an early stage of development.

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL)

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is a slow-growing (chronic) blood cancer that affects white blood cells in your bone marrow called lymphocytes.

Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML)

Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a type of blood cancer that affects a group of white blood cells known as myeloid cells.

Childhood leukaemia

Leukaemia is the most common cancer in children under 15. Over 650 children and young adults are diagnosed with leukaemia every year in the UK.

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that affects white blood cells called lymphocytes, which are an important part of your immune system.

Hodgkin lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that affects white blood cells called lymphocytes.

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It affects white blood cells called lymphocytes.

Follicular lymphoma

Follicular lymphoma is a type of slow-growing blood cancer called non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). It affects white blood cells called lymphocytes.

Burkitt lymphoma

Burkitt lymphoma is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, a form of blood cancer.

Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM)

Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM) is a slow-growing and rare form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). It affects blood cells called plasma cells.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that affects white blood cells called lymphocytes, which are an important part of your immune system.

Myeloma

Myeloma is a type of blood cancer that affects white blood cells called plasma cells.

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)

The myelodysplastic syndromes, or MDS for short, are a group of conditions where the bone marrow doesn’t work properly and produces faulty blood cells. MDS is a type of cancer.

Polycythaemia vera (PV)

Polycythaemia vera (PV) is a form of blood cancer. In PV, your body produces too many red blood cells.

Essential thrombocythaemia (ET)

Essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is a slow-growing form of blood cancer. In ET, your body produces too many platelets (a type of blood cell).

Myelofibrosis

Myelofibrosis is a type of blood cancer that causes scar tissue to form in your bone marrow (the spongy material inside some of your bones, where blood cells are made).

Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS)

Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is a blood condition that happens when plasma cells (a type of white blood cell) develop unusually in your bone marrow.

We're here for you if you want to talk

0808 2080 888

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